Restore a backup

This runbook will show you how to restore a cluster backup. All the steps explained here are also available from the StackGres web console.

Check the database size

The demo cluster ongres-db has one database:

$ kubectl exec -it --namespace ongres-db ongres-db -c postgres-util -- psql -c '\l'
                              List of databases
   Name    |  Owner   | Encoding | Collate |  Ctype  |   Access privileges   |  Size   | Tablespace |                Description
-----------+----------+----------+---------+---------+-----------------------+---------+------------+--------------------------------------------
 demo_db   | postgres | UTF8     | C.UTF-8 | C.UTF-8 |                       | 20 MB   | pg_default |
 postgres  | postgres | UTF8     | C.UTF-8 | C.UTF-8 |                       | 7977 kB | pg_default | default administrative connection database
 template0 | postgres | UTF8     | C.UTF-8 | C.UTF-8 | =c/postgres          +| 7793 kB | pg_default | unmodifiable empty database
           |          |          |         |         | postgres=CTc/postgres |         |            |
 template1 | postgres | UTF8     | C.UTF-8 | C.UTF-8 | =c/postgres          +| 7793 kB | pg_default | default template for new databases
           |          |          |         |         | postgres=CTc/postgres |         |            |
(4 rows)

Get the backups list

$ kubectl get sgbackups --namespace ongres-db

NAME            AGE
backup-demo-1   3h33m
backup-demo-2   3h11m
backup-demo-3   55s

Configuring the instance profile

The restore consist in create a new cluster from any of the backups taked. You’re able to specify any of the cluster params and if you do not specify a SGInstanceProfile this will use the default profile with 1 CPU and 2Gi of RAM.

Create an instance profile specific for the restore (Assign the resources according with your environment). Create a file with the next content and then apply it:

apiVersion: stackgres.io/v1
kind: SGInstanceProfile
metadata:
  namespace: ongres-db
  name: size-s
spec:
  cpu: "500m"
  memory: "256Mi"

Note: The restore process needs to be done in the same namespace as the cluster to be restored.

Get de UID from the backups to be restore

kubectl get sgbackups --namespace ongres-db backup-demo-3 -o jsonpath="{.metadata.uid}"

This command will print the UID:

0a3bb287-6b3f-4309-87bf-8d7c4c9e1beb

Restore the backup

To restore the backup you need to create a new SGCluster specifying the section initialData setting the param fromBackup with UID value from the previous step.

Create a yaml file with the next content and apply it (Change the values according to your environment):

apiVersion: stackgres.io/v1
kind: SGCluster
metadata:
  name: demo-restore
  namespace: ongres-db
spec:
  instances: 1
  postgres:
    version: '12'
  sgInstanceProfile: 'size-s'
  pods:
    persistentVolume:
      size: '10Gi'
  initialData:
    restore:
      fromBackup: 0a3bb287-6b3f-4309-87bf-8d7c4c9e1beb

Now you should have a new cluster called demo-restore with all the data restored:

$ kubectl exec -it -n ongres-db demo-restore-0 -c postgres-util -- psql -c '\l+'
                                                                List of databases
   Name    |  Owner   | Encoding | Collate |  Ctype  |   Access privileges   |  Size   | Tablespace |                Description
-----------+----------+----------+---------+---------+-----------------------+---------+------------+--------------------------------------------
 demo_db   | postgres | UTF8     | C.UTF-8 | C.UTF-8 |                       | 20 MB   | pg_default |
 postgres  | postgres | UTF8     | C.UTF-8 | C.UTF-8 |                       | 7977 kB | pg_default | default administrative connection database
 template0 | postgres | UTF8     | C.UTF-8 | C.UTF-8 | =c/postgres          +| 7793 kB | pg_default | unmodifiable empty database
           |          |          |         |         | postgres=CTc/postgres |         |            |
 template1 | postgres | UTF8     | C.UTF-8 | C.UTF-8 | =c/postgres          +| 7793 kB | pg_default | default template for new databases
           |          |          |         |         | postgres=CTc/postgres |         |            |
(4 rows)